- The company
Present-day grapevines have evolved from the early non-grafted vines to a more delicate association between a bud and a rootstock.
In 1864, Phylloxera, an insect originally native to eastern North-America, began a devastating attack to the European vineyards resulting in one of its deepest crises. More than 30 years were required to surmount it.
The wine-growers and scientists of that period, helpless in front of the disasters caused by the pest, discovered a new path: hybridization.
American and European vines were crossed in order to combine the resistance to Phylloxera of the former with the active lime resistance of the latter.
Starting in 1876, George Couderc, undoubtedly the most renowned French hybridizer, combined different species, allying the sturdiness of the American varieties with the autochthone plants’ qualities. The resulting hybrids earned him recognition in the wine-making society. In 1880, George Couderc created his grapevine nursery and in 1881 obtained the first long-awaited rootstocks by planting seeds derived from the crossing of Riparia X Rupestris.
His success remains unaltered with various rootstocks, still in use all around the world. Just to name a few: the Couderc 3309 renowned for excellent phylloxera resistance or the Couderc 1616 exhibiting the highest salinity resistance.
Georges Couderc has not only played a major role in overcoming the phylloxera crisis, but he has also contributed in creating a new profession.
In former times, the propagation of the grapevines was obtained by simple cutting; no specific technical skills were required. But the ability needed to graft buds on resistant rootstocks promoted the specialization of some wine-growers into grapevine nurserymen.
1885 is the year that marked the beginning of the modern grapevine nursery, at the hand of Georges Couderc, who pioneered the use of a grafting machine for the first time.
With that same passion and curiosity, the grapevine nurseries MORISSON COUDERC continue the tradition started by G. Couderc, aware that the choice of rootstock is essential to the vineyard’s success. Rootstocks are the link between the soil and the grape variety; they ensure the plant’s stability and contribute to the harvest’s quality and consistency.
OUR VALUES & OUR COMMITMENTS
The nature of our craft urges us to master our environmental impact: we cultivate the land aware that it has to be passed over as it was received.
On a daily basis our passion spurs us on a perpetual quest for innovation and excellence, believing in the following values:
By being attentive to the needs of the wine-growing and wine-making markets, we can satisfy and anticipate our clients’ requests.
By providing concrete solutions to our clients’ problems and respecting the obligations of the market.
By providing reactive and on-time solution to the market’s changes, we satisfy our clients’ needs in an unceasingly changing environmental, economic and social context.
By combining our teams’ strengths to the sustainable management of the environmental resources, we can propose some of the best price-quality ratio products and services.
By virtue of our historical and solid roots, as well as our beliefs and commitments, we will continue to growth in the most vigorous, active and sustainable way, ensuring the prosperity of all stakeholders.
- We are breeders
We cultivate our rootstock and bud mother-blocks with patience and passion.
- We are builders
We are putting all our know-how into creating our grafted vines, your vineyards and your wines.
- We are admirers
We are in awe, each and every year, as we watch the “miracle” in our fields and finally in your glasses!
Over the decades, the grapevine nurseries MORISSON COUDERC have proved that a wine’s quality is the result of three principal artists: the nurseryman, the wine-grower and the oenologist.